About Midwifery

This section is intended to help you gain a better understanding of what midwifery is, and its benefits.  If you have any question, do not hesitate to contact us.

General Information


There are currently over 800 midwives in Ontario! In 1994, Ontario became the first province in Canada to regulate midwifery. Since that time, midwives have attended more than 100,000 births in Ontario. Midwifery services are funded through the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care in Ontario. There is no cost for midwifery services in Ontario, provided you are a resident. Midwives are primary health care providers that care for low risk women and babies during pregnancy, labour and birth, and the postpartum period. We provide prenatal care on the same schedule as a family doctor or obstetrician, conduct normal vaginal births, and provide care to mothers and babies during the first 6 weeks following delivery. Midwives are a choice of maternity care provider, not an additional service to what you would receive from a physician. If a complication arises at any time during your care, your midwife will make timely arrangements for you to be seen by a doctor or another care provider as appropriate. The College of Midwives of Ontario (CMO) regulates the practice of midwifery in Ontario. They determine our scope of practice and our standards of care. All midwives in Ontario are registered with the CMO, and are required to provide maternity care which meets these standards. The main concepts of midwifery care are providing informed choice, continuity of care, and choice of birthplace. Please read on for a more detailed explanation of these standards.


Continuity of Care: Midwifery care is provided to clients from a small team of midwives. For urgent concerns, midwifery clients have access to a 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week paging service that will connect them to a known midwife. At Born Midwives, we work in a shared care model. This means that your assigned midwife will work on a team with another midwife(ves). You will meet the other midwife(ives) on your team on a frequent basis so that they know you, and you know them well.  Sometimes we experience high volumes of deliveries or very long births. In order to maintain safety for you and your midwives, it may become necessary for a midwife from another team to provide care to you while a midwife from your team is resting. This rarely happens, but is important to be aware of.


Informed Choice: Clients in midwifery care are actively encouraged to participate in their care; midwives promote decision-making as a shared responsibility, with the client as the primary decision-maker. This means that every test or option available in pregnancy, labour, and to the newborn is discussed, including risks, benefits, and alternative options. Once you are armed with the information, you will be able to make the decision that is right for you.


Choice of Birth Place: Midwives support choice of birthplace and are the only care providers who provide the option of home birth. We have privileges to deliver out of Cambridge Memorial Hospital which is where about 80% of our deliveries occur. Your midwife will discuss the risks and benefits of both of these options so that you can decide what is best for you. Midwives carry with them at all times the same equipment you would find in a hospital to conduct a normal vaginal delivery. We also carry emergency equipment like resuscitation equipment for newborns, medications to stop bleeding, IV supplies etc.


Frequently Asked Questions


Q. What is a Midwife?

A. Midwives are primary healthcare providers who provide prenatal, labour, birth, and postpartum care to healthy pregnant people and their newborns. Midwives are responsible for all aspects of prenatal care, provide clinical monitoring and support during labour, and take care of clients and newborns for up to 6 weeks following birth.


Q . Do I need to pay for a midwifery services?

A. Midwifery services are covered through the special branch of the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, known as the Ontario Midwifery Program. All residents of Ontario with or without OHIP coverage, have their midwifery services paid for through this program (this does not include hospital fees or some lab fees).


Q. Do I have to have my baby at home if I have a midwife?

A. No. For low-risk clients, midwives offer you the choice of whether you would like to deliver your baby at home or in the hospital. In Cambridge, about 20% of babies delivered by a midwife, are born at home, and 80% are born at Cambridge Memorial Hospital. Home births are only suitable for low-risk pregnancies. Please see our resources page for more information on these options.


Q. Does having a midwife mean I can't have an epidural in labour?

A. No. Midwives offer a full range of pain relief options in the hospital setting.  If you require or wish to have an epidural, your midwife will continue to look after you.


Q. Do I need to see a doctor and a midwife during my pregnancy?

A.  Midwives provide complete pregnancy, labour, birth, and postpartum care until six weeks after your baby is born for low-risk women and healthy babies. This includes ordering the necessary tests and ultrasounds. If a complications or concern presents during your pregnancy, labour, postpartum, or with your infant, your midwife will consult with the most appropriate physician. Your midwife will recommend that you continue to see your family doctor for concerns that are not related to pregnancy.


Q. How often do I see my midwife?

A. Born Midwives will generally see women for their first prenatal appointment sometime between 8 and 12 weeks of pregnancy. Following your first appointment, you will be seen about every 4 weeks until you are 28 weeks, then every 2 weeks until you are 36 weeks, then weekly until you have your baby. Once your baby is born, we will see you every other day at home or in hospital for the first 7 to 10 days. Then we will see you in our clinic environment at 2, 4, and 6 weeks postpartum. Following your last visit, we will recommend that you schedule a well-baby check-up with your family physician. Clinic appointments are typically 30 minutes in length other than your first appointment which is longer.  ***Please note that during the COVID 19 we are following best-practice guidelines and operating on a reduced in-person visit schedule. Virtual appointments in between in-person appointments are available***


Q. How do I sign-up for midwifery care?

A. To sign up with Born Midwives, please visit our Contact page and fill out our online secure registration form. One of our midwives or support staff will call you within 5 business days to schedule your first appointment. You may also be referred through your community care provider (family physician/nurse practitioner/naturopathic doctor). For care providers, referrals can be made through the Ocean e-referral system, via referral letter, or phone call.


Q. How do I know if midwifery care is right for me?

A. Midwives provide maternity care based on the ideals of: providing continuity of care- meaning you’ll get to develop a relationship with your midwife and know who delivers your baby, informed choice- meaning that you are the primary decision-maker in your care and your midwife will provide you with the information about all of the choices you will make throughout your care, and choice of birthplace- meaning, if low-risk, you may deliver your baby at home or in the hospital. If these are things you would like to incorporate into your care, and you are a healthy pregnant person, midwifery care is likely for you!


Q. Am I too old or too young to have a midwife?

A. Midwives may see clients of any age. Certain age categories are considered risk factors for complications in pregnancy but do not preclude you from care. Due to these risk factors, your midwife may make additional recommendations for your care which may include a physician consultation. A consultation means that you will visit a physician at least one time during your care. The physician will review your health and may make recommendations about how to care for you best in pregnancy. Most often, midwives will continue to be your main care provider.


Q. Can I have a midwife if I’ve had a previous caesarean section?

A. Most often the answer is yes. Your midwife will take an in-depth history of your previous deliveries(y) and, with your permission, review the records from your caesarean section. She will then discuss your options with you. Please see our resources page for information on birth after c-section.


Q. What tests can a midwife order?

A. Midwives can order the standard blood work required in pregnancy including tests to look at the health of your blood stream, screen you for specific diseases, and determine your risk of having a baby with specific chromosomal or developmental concerns. They are also able to order obstetrical ultrasounds.


Q. What training do midwives have?

A. Midwives who are new to the country but who have trained as midwives elsewhere in the world, complete the International Midwifery Pre-registration Program (IMPP) through Ryerson University. This program ensures these midwives are educated about the standards of midwifery care in Canada through both classroom teaching and working with a registered midwife in Ontario. Midwives who have started their careers in Ontario go through a 4 year (9 semester) midwifery education program (MEP) to obtain a Baccalaureate Degree of Health Sciences in Midwifery offered at Laurentian, McMaster, and Ryerson University. Please visit www.ontariomidwives.ca for more information.

Q. What should I do if I have a concern about my care?

A. At Born Midwives we strive to provide you with excellent care throughout your pregnancy, labour, and postpartum. If you are not happy with the care you are receiving we strongly encourage you to bring these concerns to your midwife. If this is not possible, we request that you discuss your concerns with another midwife on your team, or let our administrator know you’d like to speak to speak to a practice partner. If you have serious concerns about a midwife’s clinical care and your concerns are not being addressed, you can make an official complaint with the College of Midwives. Complaints are taken extremely seriously and may result in disciplinary action.


Q. Am I guaranteed to get a midwife on my team for my delivery?

A. Our goal is to provide continuity of care which includes having someone you know present throughout your labour and delivery. We hope this will be a midwife from your team. However, midwives take on several clients every month. Each pregnant-person has a 5 week timespan during which they would be considered term- or ready- to have their baby. This is why we work on teams at Born Midwives. So you have a very good chance at knowing your care provider during the birth process.  Sometime we experience periods of extreme busyness and none of the midwives on your team may be available. In this case, another one of our fantastic midwives will look after you until a midwife you know is available.


Q. What happens if I miss or am late for an appointment?

A. If you miss an appointment, you may reschedule it during a time your midwife has available. Please give as much notice as possible if you need to cancel an appointment. If you are a few minutes late for an appointment, your midwife will accomplish as much as possible during the time you have remaining. You will not receive your full appointment time, as this delays the rest of the scheduled appointments. If you are 15 minutes or more late for an appointment, your appointment will be rescheduled.


Q. Do I need to take prenatal classes?

A. General prenatal classes offer information on nutrition, changes to your body during pregnancy, how labour works, strategies to cope with labour, breastfeeding, and newborn care. They are a fantastic way to not only prepare for childbirth and early parenting, but also to meet other pregnant people who are going through similar experiences. Many find the friends they make through prenatal classes can provide a great support network throughout pregnancy and following delivery. There are also classes which focus on specific topics, like breastfeeding, fitness, or strategies to cope with labour like hypnobirthing.  Prenatal classes are not a requirement, but they can offer a lot whether this is your first baby or beyond. Please see our resources page for a list of prenatal classes available in our community. Check out our Facebook and Instagram to learn when free breastfeeding classes are being offered through Cambridge Memorial Hospital.